亚博买球

基于膜蒸馏的中药水提液浓缩技术应用前景及问题探

2019-07-10 08:48:43 admin 111

ZHONGYAOZHIYAOGUOCHENGZHONGNONGSUOGONGXUJIUSHIYAOXUANYONGSHIDANGDEJISHUYUFANGFASHIYAOYEZHONGBUFENRONGJIBEIFENLIYICHU,CONGERTIGAOYAOYEDENONGDU。DADUOSHUZHIYAOSHENGCHANQIYEDEXIANXINGSHENGCHANZHONG,NONGSUOGONGXUDENENGHAOYUEZHANQUANCHANGZONGZHENGQIHAOLIANGDE60%ZUOYOU,SHENZHIGENGDUO。TONGJIBIAOMING,MUQIANSHIYONGJIAODUODESANXIAOHUOSHUANGXIAOZHENKONGNONGSUOGONGYI,ZHENGCHU1000kgSHUIXUXIAOHAO1.2X10³kgZHENGQI,LENGNING1000kgSHUIZHENGQIJIQIRESHUIXUXIAOHAO3X10³〜4X10³kgSHUI,QINENGHAOXIANGDANGKEGUAN。YINCIDINENGHAODENONGSUOJISHUYUFANGFASHIZHONGYAOZHIYAOLINGYUDEZHONGYAOYANJIUNEIRONGZHIYI。


MOZHENGLIU(membranedistillation,MD)JISHUDEYANJIUYUYINGYONGSHIYU20SHIJI60NIANDAI,ZHIDAO80NIANDAICHU,BANSUIGAOFENZICAILIAOHEMOZHIBEIGONGYIJISHUDEXUNSUFAZHAN,MOZHENGLIUCAIXIANSHICHUQISHIYONGQIANLI。XIANSIZHUJIANCONGHAISHUIJIKUXIANSHUIDANHUADENGJINGSHUIYANJIU,KUOZHANDAOHUAXUEWUZHIJIREMINXINGWUZHIDENONGSUOHEHUISHOU、SHUIRONGYEZHONGHUIFAXINGRONGZHIDETUOCHUHEHUISHOU、FEISHUICHULIDENGZHUDUOLINGYU,MUQIANZAICHAYETIQUYEDENONGSUO、DADOUFENLIDANBAI、GUOZHINONGSUO、NIUCHURU、ANJISUANDEZHIBEI、BUFENZHONGYAOTIQUYEDENONGSUODENGFANGMIANDOUYOUYIDINGDEYINGYONG,HAIBAOKUOBUTONGTIXIDECHUANZHI、CHUANREDENGJILIFANGMIANDEYANJIU。


BENWENCONGMOZHENGLIUJISHUDEBENZHITEZHENGCHUFA,JIEHEMOZHENGLIUYUANLI、TEDIAN,MOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGZHONGDEGEYINGXIANGYINSU,TANTAOMOZHENGLIUJISHUZAIZHONGYAOTIQUYENONGSUOGONGXUZHONGDEYINGYONGWENTI。


一、膜蒸馏技术原理及特点


MOZHENGLIUSHIYIZHONGCAIYONGSHUSHUIWEIKONGMOYIMOLIANGCEZHENGQIYALICHAWEICHUANZHIQUDONGLIDEMOFENLIGUOCHENG。QIJILISHIDANGBUTONGWENDUDESHUIRONGYEBEISHUSHUIWEIKONGMOFENGEKAISHI,YOUYUMODESHUSHUIXING,LIANGCEDESHUIRONGYEJUNBUNENGTOUGUOMOKONGJINRENLINGYICE,DANYOUYURECESHUIRONGYEYUMOJIEMIANDESHUIZHENGQIYAGAOYULENGCE,SHUIZHENGQIJIUHUITOUGUOMOKONGCONGRECEJINRENLENGCEERLENGNINGCONGERSHIXIANNONGSUO。


GAIGUOCHENGYUCHANGGUIZHENGLIUZHONGDEZHENGFA、CHUANZHI、LENGNINGGUOCHENGSHIFENXIANGSI,SUOYICHENGQIWEIMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENG。TAJUYOUSIGEZHUYAOTEDIAN:YISHIMOWEISHUSHUIWEIKONGMO,BUNENGBEISUOCHULIDEYETIRUNSHI,ZHIYOUZHENGQINENGTONGGUOMOKONG;ERSHIMOZHISHAOYOUYIMIANYUSUOCHULIDEYETIJIECHU,MOKONGNEIMEIYOUMAOXIGUANLENGNINGXIANXIANGFASHENG;SANSHIMOBUNENGGAIBIANSUOCHULIYETIZHONGSUOYOUZUFENDEQIYEPINGHENG;SISHIMOGUOCHENGDETUIDONGLISHIGAIZUFENZAIQIXIANGZHONGDEFENYACHA。


二、膜蒸馏的分类


GENJUMOXIAYOUCELENGNINGFANGSHIDEBUTONG,MOZHENGLIUKEFENWEIZHIJIEJIECHUSHI、KONGQIXISHI、QISAOSHIHEZHENKONGMOZHENGLIUSIZHONGXINGSHI。

2.1ZHIJIEJIECHUMOZHENGLIU(DCMD)

DCMDMODELIANGCEFENBIEYUREDESHUIRONGYE(RECE)JILENGQUESHUI(LENGCE)ZHIJIEJIECHU。ZHEIZHONGXINGSHIMOZHENGLIUDEQUEDIANSHIDALIANGRELIANGCONGRECEJINGCHUANDAOZHIJIEJINRENLENGCE,REXIAOLVDI,ZAIYUNXINGSHI,CHUMOZUJIANWAI,HAIXUYOUHUISHOURELIANGDEZHUANGZHI,DANTAJIEGOUJIANDAN,TONGLIANGJIAODA。

2.2KONGQIXISHIMOZHENGLIU(AGMD)

AGMDTOUGUOCEBUZHIJIEYULENGRONGYEXIANGJIECHU,ERBAOCHIYIDINGDEJIANXI,TOUGUOZHENGQIZAILENGQUEDEGUTIBIAOMIAN(JILENGNINGBI,RUJINSHUBAN)SHANGJINXINGLENGNING,JIANGDITOUGUOCEDEYALI,QICHUANZHITUIDONGLIDAXIAOYUZHIJIEJIECHUMOZHENGLIUXIANGDANG,JUNWEISHUIDEBAOHEZHENGQIYA。QIREXIAOLVGAO,LENGNINGYABOMAIQIUKEYIZHUNQUEJILIANG,TEBIESHIHEYUSHIYANSHIYANJIUSHIYONG。QIQUEDIANSHITONGLIANGDI,JIEGOUFUZA,QIEBUSHIYONGYUZHONGKONGXIANWEIMO,XIANZHILEQISHANGYETUIGUANG。

2.3CHUISAOQIMOZHENGLIU(SGMD)

YUCHUISAOSHENTOUQIHUAYIYANG,SGMDYONGZAIQICHUISAOMODETOUGUOCE,YIDAIZOUTOUGUODEZHENGQI,QICHUANZHITUIDONGLICHULEZHENGQIDEBAOHEZHENGQIYAWAI,HAIYOUYOUYUZAIQIDECHUISAOERXINGCHENGDEFUYA,YINCICHUANZHITUIDONGLIBIZHIJIEJIECHUMOZHENGLIUHEKONGQIXISHIMOZHENGLIUDA。

2.4ZHENKONGMOZHENGLIU(VMD)

VMDTOUGUOCEYONGZHENKONGBENGCHOUZHENKONG,YIZAOCHENGMOLIANGCEGENGDADEZHENGQIYACHA,HUIFAZUFENCONGLENGCEYINCHUHOULENGNING,SHIHENGWENDEMOGUOCHENG,MUQIANZHUYAOYONGYUCHUQURONGYEZHONGDEYIHUIFAZUFEN。ZHEIZHONGMOZHENGLIUDERECHUANDAOSUNSHIKEYIHULVE,YINERKEYONGLAICEDINGWENDUBIANJIECENGDECHUANREXIAOLV。DANZHEIZHONGFANGSHIDEMOZHENGLIULIANGCEDELIAOYEYACHADA,WEIFANGZHILIAOYEJINRENMOKONG,XUCAIYONGJIAOXIAOKONGJINGDEMO。ZHENKONGMOZHENGLIUBIQITAMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGJUYOUGENGDADECHUANZHITONGLIANG,SUOYIJINJINIANLAISHOUDAOBIJIAODADEGUANZHU。


三、膜蒸馏过程的主要性能指标及其影响因素


3.1JIELIULV

JIELIULVSHIFEIHUIFAXINGRONGZHISHUIRONGYEDEFENLIXINGNENGCANSHU,YINWEIZHENGLIUSUOYONGMODESHUSHUIXING,MDDEJIELIULVBIQITAMOFENLIGUOCHENGYAOGAO。QIYINGXIANGYINSUZHUYAOYOULIANGGE:YISHIKONGJING,YIBANRENWEIKONGJINGZAI0.2〜1.0pmJIAOWEIHESHI,YONGDEBIJIAODUODEWEI0.2〜0.4pm。ERSHIMOLIANGCEDEYALICHABUNENGCHAOGUOYETIJINRENMOKONGDEYALI,CIWAIHAIYUGEYANGPINYEDENONGDUJICAOZUOTIAOJIANYOUYIDINGDEGUANXI。

3.2SHUITONGLIANG

SHUITONGLIANGSHIMDGUOCHENGDEZHUYAOXINGNENGZHIBIAOZHIYI,QIYINGXIANGYINSUZHUYAOYOU5GE:

1)WENDU:WENDUSHIYINGXIANGSHUITONGLIANGDEZUIZHUYAOYINSU。TIGAORECERONGYEDEWENDUHUOTIGAOMOLIANGCEDEWENCHA,JUNNENGSHISHUITONGLIANGXIANZHUZENGJIA,DANBUCHENGXIANXINGGUANXI。

2)SHUIZHENGQIYACHA:SHUITONGLIANGSUIMOLIANGCESHUIZHENGQIYACHADEZENGJIAERZENGJIA,QIECHENGXIANXINGGUANXI。

3)LIAOYENONGDU:NONGDUDUIFEIHUIFAXINGRONGZHISHUIRONGYEHEHUIFAXINGRONGZHISHUIRONGYEYOUBUTONGDEYINGXIANG,SUINONGDUDEZENGJIA,FEIHUIFAXINGRONGZHISHUIRONGYEDETONGLIANGJIANGDIERHUIFAXINGRONGZHISHUIRONGYEDETONGLIANGZEZENGJIA,QIENONGSHUIRONGYEDEMDXINGWEIBIXIRONGYEFUZA,DUISHUITONGLIANGDEYINGXIANGYEGENGDA。

4)LIAOYELIUSU:ZENGJIAJINLIAOLIULIANGHELENGQUESHUILIULIANGJUNKESHITONGLIANGZENG

JIA。

5)ZHENGLIUSHIJIAN:SUIZHEZHENGLIUSHIJIANDEYANZHANG,HUICHUXIANTONGLIANGSHUAIJIANDEXIANXIANG。QIYUANYINYISHISUIZHENGLIUDEJINXING,MOKONGBEIJINRUN,ZAOCHENGCONGSHENTOUCELIUXIANGJINLIAOCEDEHUILIU;ERSHIMOWURANZAOCHENGTONGLIANGDESHUAIJIAN。

3.3REXIAOLV

MOZHENGLIUWEIYOUXIANGBIANHUAXUYAOXIAOHAORENENGDEGUOCHENG,QIREXIAOLVDEGAODIZHIJIEYINGXIANGMDDESHIJIYINGYONG。SHIDANGZENGDAMODEKONGJINGHEKONGXILV,YOULIYUTIGAOREXIAOLV。LINGWAI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIASUIWENDUDESHENGGAOREXIAOLVTIGAO。


四、膜蒸馏技术的应用及其在中药提取液浓缩中存在问题


4.1MOZHENGLIUJISHUDEYANJIUXIANZHUANG

4ZHONGBUTONGDEMOZHENGLIUJISHUJUNYOUBUTONGDEZHENDUIXINGDEYINGYONGYANJIU。

MinglueSuDENGYANJIULEDCMDZHONGNEICENGRECHUANDAOLVDUISHUANGCENGZHONGKONGXIANWEIMOTONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG,FAXIANSUIZHERECHUANDAOLVZENGJIA,SHUIZHENGQITONGLIANGMINGXIANZENGJIA,JIYURELIXUEJILIHESHUXUEJIANMODEFANGFATANTAOGAIJISHUDEYINGYONGWENTI;LIUQIANLIANGDENGCAIYONGDCMDGONGYICHULIGAONONGDUANDANFEISHUI,KAOCHALEXISHOUYENONGDUDUIGAIGUOCHENGZHONGANDANDECHUANZHIHEFENLIXINGNENGDEYINGXIANGDhananjaySinghDENGZAIWENDU80〜130℃、YALI2~3BIAOZHUNDAQIYADECAOZUOTIAOJIANXIA,CAIYONGDCMDDUIYANSHUIJINXINGTUOYANNONGSUO,QITONGLIANGZUIGAOKEDA195kg/m²。JUNZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTISHICAOZUOCANSHUZAIMOGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOXING。

XUZHAOGUANG[7]JINXINGLEGUANSHITANMOQIXISHIMOZHENGLIULVHUANASHUIRONGYEDEYANJIU,KAOCHALELIAOYEWENDU、LIULIANGDENGDUISHENTOUTONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG,JIANLILEGAIGUOCHENGDECHUANRE、CHUANZHIJILIMOXING,BINGLIYONGJISUANLIUTILIXUERUANJIANFLUENT6.3JINXINGSHUZHIMONI。GAOHONGDENGRENZAISIDIFENDINGLVJICHUSHANGYINRENLEMOCAILIAOTEXINGXIUZHENGXISHUHEMOBIANXINGXIUZHENGXISHU,JICHULEYIGESHIYONGYUKONGQIXIMOZHENGLIUDEGONGCHENGYUCEMOXING。G.W.Meinders-maDENGRENCAIYONGAGMDZHIDELEYINYONGSHUI,CONGCHENGBENKAOLV,DUIYUNXINGFEIYONGJINXINGLEJISUAN,SUOXUFEIYONGDIYU$0.50/m³,SHENZHIDIZHI$0.26/m³,QIYOUXIANGDANGDADESHICHANGQIANJING。

CBioDENGRENQUELILESGMDCHULIHANYOUHUIFAXINGYOUJIWURANWUFEISHUIDELILUNMOXING,BINGDUISHIYANGUOCHENGJINXINGLEYANJIU,SHIYANZHIYULILUNMONIZHIJIBENYIZHI。DINGZHONGWEIDENGYANJIULESGMDYONGYUTUOCHUSHUIZHONGANDEFENLIXINGNENG,ZAISHIYANFANWEINEINH3DEZONGCHUANZHIXISHUZUIGAOZHIKEDA2.2X10-5m/s,XUANZEXINGXISHUDEZUIGAOZHIKEDA14。LIUQIANLIANGDENGDCMDGONGYICHULIGAOANDANFEISHUIDEYINGXIANGYINSURULIAOYECHUSHIpHZHI、LIAOYELIULIANGHECHUISAOQITILIULIANGDENGJINXINGLEYANJIU。

MUQIANZHEILIANGZHONGMOZHENGLIUJISHUDEYUNYONGTIXIDUORENGZAIHUAGONGLINGYU,QITAFANGMIANDEYANJIUSHANGWEIJIANBAODAO。

F.BanatDENGCHENGGONGCAIYONGVMDDUIHANYOUYAJIAJILANDERANLIAOFEISHUIJINXINGLECHULI,BINGKAOCHALECAOZUOBIANLIANGRUJINLIAOWENDU、LIUSUHECHUSHIRANLIAONONGDUDUIGAIGUOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,JIESHIYINGXIANGVMDDEYINSUSHEJIZHENGGEMOGUOCHENG。YingRUDENG[ZAIYUANYANGCHUANZHISHANGCAIYONGVMDJINXINGHAISHUIDANHUASHIYAN,TONGLIANGKEDA5.4kg/(m2•h),TUOYANLVDADAO99.99%,ZHEISHIZAIVMDZAISHUICHULIFANGMIANDECHENGGONGYINGYONG。V.SoniDENGDUIVMDHUISHOUHEIJIALUNZHIZHONGHUIFAXINGFANGXIANGCHENGFENJIANLIMOXING,BINGDUIMONIJIEGUOHESHIYANJIEGUOJINXINGXIANGGUANFENXI,WEIJINYIBUYOUHUACAOZUOGUOCHENGTIGONGYIJU。SHIGUANGHUICAIYONGVMDDUILIUQINGSUANANRONGYEJINXINGNONGSUO,YANJIUGEYINGXIANGYINSUDUIMOTONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG。MOTONGLIANGSUILIAOYEWENDUHEZHENKONGDUZENGJIAERXIANZHUZENGJIA;LIUSUZENGJIA,MOTONGLIANGLVEYOUZENGJIA;NONGDUJIAODISHI,MOTONGLIANGSUINONGDUZENGJIAHUANMANXIAJIANG,NONGDUJIAOGAOSHI,MOTONGLIANGSUINONGDUZENGJIAZHOUJIANG;PVDFMOSHUSHUIXINGJIAOHAO,JIELIULVBAOCHIZAI99.9%ZUOYOU。WUYIYUNYONGVMDKAIZHANLEMOQITIXISHOU-JIANYAMOZHENGLIUZUHEGONGYIJINGHUAHANBENFEIQIDEYANJIU,YOUHUALEGECAOZUOTIAOJIAN。

MUQIANWULUNZAISHIMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGZHONGGEYINGXIANGYINSUHAISHIZAIMOZHENGLIUJILIFANGMIAN,QIZAIZHONGYAOZHIJILINGYUDEJICHUYANJIUYIYOUYIDINGDEBAODAO。

CAIYUDENGRENCAIYONGVMDDUIYIMUCAOTIQUYEJINXINGNONGSUO,NONGSUOGUOCHENGZHONGYOUXIAOCHENGFENMEIYOUMINGXIANSUNSHI,QIENONGCHAJIHUAXIANXIANGBUMINGXIAN,LIULIANG、WENDUDUIGUOCHENGYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYINGXIANG,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEKONGZHICHANWUDEDELV。LIJIANMEIDENGCAIYONGVMDDUIYIMUCAOYUCHISHAOTIQUYEJINXINGNONGSUO,QIZHIBIAOCHENGFENBAOLIULVJIAOGAOQIEDUILIANGZHEJIELIULVJUNWEI100%,JINYIBUYANJIUWENDU、LIUSU、ZHENKONGDUDENGCAOZUOTIAOJIANDUINONGSUOXIAOLVDEYINGXIANG。

ZAIZUHEGONGYIYANJIUFANGMIAN,ZHANLIJUNDENGKAIZHANLEDUOXIAOMOZHENGLIUJISHUZAIZHONGYAOTIQUYENONGSUOZHONGDEYINGYONGYANJIU,JIEGUOSHUOMINGSHIYONGDUOXIAOMOZHENGLIUKEJIANGZHONGYAOTIQUYENONGSUO16BEIYISHANG,CAOZUOWENDUWEI70℃SHI,MOTONGLIANGKEDA3L/(m²•h),ZAOSHUIBIKEDA7。ZHIDEJINYIBUSHENRUYANJIUOUHEGONGYIDEYINGYONG。

4.2MOWURANWENTI

HEQITAMOGUOCHENGYIYANG,MOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGYECUNZAIMOWURANWENTI,ERQIEMOWURANHUIBANSUIMODERUNSHI,SUOYIJINNIANLAIRIYIYINQIRENMENDEZHONGSHI。MOZHENGLIUDESHIJIYUNXINGZHONG,MODEXINGNENGHUISUISHIJIANFASHENGBIANHUA,NONGCHAJIHUA、WENCHAJIHUA、XIFU、MOBIAOMIANNINGJIAOCENGDEXINGCHENGDENGYUANYINHUIDUILIAOYECEDECHUANDIGUOCHENGXINGCHENGXINDEZULI,CONGERYINGXIANGMODETONGLIANG,ZAOCHENGTONGLIANGSHUAIJIAN。ERSHUSHUIWEIKONGMOSHISHIXIANMOZHENGLIUDEBIYAOTIAOJIANZHIYI,SUOYI,MOKONGRUNSHISHIMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGZHONGZUIYANZHONGDEMOWURAN。

MOZHENGLIUJISHUDUOYONGYUHAISHUIDANHUA、FEISHUICHULI、GUOZHINONGSUODENGFANGMIAN,YINCI,JINSHAOSHURENDUIMOZHENGLIUNONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYEGUOCHENGZHONGDEMOWURANWENTIJINXINGLEYANJIU。ZhongweiDingDENGYUNYONGDCMDNONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYE,FENXICAOZUOTIAOJIANDUIKUAMOTONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG,TONGLIANGXIAJIANGDEYUANYINJIQIJILI,BINGCAIYONGJINLIAOCEQITIGUCHUIHEQITIFANCHONGDEFANGFAYOUXIAOHUANJIEMOWURAN。YUJIANFEIDENGDUIDCMDNONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYEJINXINGLEYANJIU,FENXILENONGSUOGUOCHENGKUAMOTONGLIANGXIAJIANGDEYUANYIN,BINGKAOCHALEYAOYEWENDUHELIUSUDUIKUAMOTONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG,BIAOMINGYOUTIQUYEZHONGGUTIKELIDENGWURANWUZAOCHENGDEMOWURANJIMOBIAOMIANCHUSHUIZHENGQIYAXIAJIANGSHIKUAMOTONGLIANGXIAJIANGDEZHUYAOYUANYIN。LIHUIDENGCAIYONGJUSIFUYIXIPINGBANMO,YANJIULEQITIFANCHONGDUIMOZHENGLIUNONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYEGUOCHENGZHONGMOWURANDEYIZHIZUOYONG,JIEGUOBIAOMING,QITIFANCHONGXIYIZHIMOWURANXIAOGUOHAO,FANCHONGSHIJIANYUEZHANG,FANCHONGQILIANGYUEDA,FANCHONGSHIJIANJIANGEYUEXIAO,QIXIAOGUOYUEHAO。ZhongweiDingDENGCAIYONGJIANXIEXINGQITIGUCHUIDEFANGFAYIZHIMOZHENGLIUNONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYEGUOCHENGZHONGDEMOWURAN,ERQIEFAXIANSUIZHEQILIUSULV、GUCHUISHIJIANZENGJIAHEMOZHENGLIUSHIJIANSUODUAN,QINGXIXIAOLVTIGAO。JIEJUEMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGZHONGMOWURANWENTIXUQINGCHUGAIGUOCHENGDEWURANJILI,LUWENCHAODENGYANJIULEMOZHENGLIUFANONGSUOZHONGYAOTIQUYEGUOCHENGMOWURANJILILEIXING,YINGYONGMOWURANJILIZHONGDE4ZHONGGUOLVMOXINGFENBIEDUISHIYANSHUJUJINXINGXIANXINGNIHE,FAXIANLVBINGGUOLVMOXINGNIHECHENGDUZUIHAO。

4.3ZHONGYAOSHUITIYEDETESHUXING

ZHONGYAO(FUFANG)SHUITIQUYETIXIZHONGCUNZAIDALIANGTIANRANHELIDEYAOXIAOWUZHI,SHUITIYETIXIZAIWULIHUAXUETEXINGFANGMIANYOUBUTONGDEBIAOXIAN,YOUXIAOCHENGFENHANLIANG,TIXIMIDU、pH、DIANDAOLV、ZHANDUDENGDOUSHINONGSUOGUOCHENGZHONGYAOKAOLIANGDEYINSU,TEBIESHIRUHEZAINONGSUOGUOCHENGZHONGZUIDAXIANDUDIBAOLIUYAOXIAOWUZHI,BINGBAOZHENGQIJINGJIHELIXINGSHIZHEIXIANGJISHUZAIZHONGYAOSHUITIYEZHONGTUIGUANGYINGYONGDEGUANJIAN,BUTONGZHONGYAOSHUITIYETIXIYUTEDINGMOZHENGLIUJISHUJIANDESHIYINGXINGYESHIZHONGYAOYANJIUNEIRONGZHIYI,ZHIYOUKUODAZHONGYAOTIQUYEDEYANJIUZHONGLEIFANWEI,JIEHEJILIDESHENRENTANTAO,CONGMOZHENGLIUZAIBUTONGDEZHONGYAOTIQUYENONGSUOZHONGDEGONGXINGTEZHENGZHONGJISUANCHUHELIDESHUXUEMOXING,BINGJIAYISHIJIYANZHENG,ZHENDUIZHONGYAOSHUITIYEDENONGSUOCAIYOUGENGYOUQIGONGYEHUADESHIJIYIYI。


五、结论与展望


MOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGYANJIUDEFAZHANSHIFENXUNSU,RENMENBUZAIMANZUYUDUIMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGPUBIANGUILVDEMIAOSHU,ERSHIGENJUGEZIYANJIUTIXIDETEDIAN,CONGJILIDEJIAODUJIANLISHUXUEMOXING,KAOLVBAOKUOWENDUJIHUA、NONGDUJIHUAZAINEIDEGEZHONGXIANGGUANCANSHU,SHISHUXUEMOXINGDEYUCEJIEGUOGENGFUHESHIJI。MUQIANJIBENDOUSHIYIKudsenKUOSAN、FENZIKUOSAN、PoiseuilleLIUDONGWEIJICHU,SUIZHEYANJIUGONGZUODESHENRENFAZHAN,YOUKENENGSHUTUTONGGUI,DEDAOGENGJINGQUE、PUSHIDESHUXUEMOXING。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGZHONG,JICHENGMOGUOCHENGNENGGOUFAHUIGEZIYOUSHI,MOZHENGLIUYUQITAMOGUOCHENGHEFEIMOGUOCHENGDEJICHENGJIANGHUIZAIGONGYEHUAYINGYONGZHONGQIGENGDADEZUOYONG。

ZAITIGAOMOZHENGLIUTONGLIANGJIXUANZEXINGFANGMIAN,WOMENKEYICAIQUDECUOSHIYOU:

1)CONGMOZHENGLIUDECHUANZHIJILIFENXI,GAIBIANLIAOYEDELIUDONGZHUANGTAI,JIANXIAONONGCHAJIHUAHEWENCHAJIHUADECUOSHIDOUYOULIYUTIGAOMOZHENGLIUTONGLIANG。

2)DUIYUHUISHOUHUIFAXINGRONGZHIDEMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENG,KEYIZAILIAOYEZHONGJIARENYANLEIJIANGDISHUIDEZHENGQIYA,CONGERTIGAOHUIFAZUFENDETOUGUOTONGLIANG。

3)MOZUJIANJIEGOUDEYOUHUASHEJISHIQUEBAOMOGUOCHENGGAOXIAOYUNXINGDEZHONGYAOTIAOJIAN。RUDingDENG[26]RENDUIYUZHONGKONGXIANWEIMOZUJIANDESHEJITICHUDESHUXUEMOXINGZHICHU,YOUYUZHONGKONGXIANWEIMONEIJINGDEDUOFENSANXINGHEZAIQIAOTIZHONGZHUANGTIANDEBUJUNYUNXINGDOUHUIYINQILIUDONGDEBULIANGFENBU,CONGERSHITONGLIANGJIANGDI,BINGQIEHOUZHEDEYINGXIANGGENGYANZHONG。TONGSHIYAOXUANZEHESHIDECAOZUOTIAOJIAN,KONGZHIDUITONGLIANGDEYINGXIANG。

ZUOWEIYIXIANGXINXINGDEFENLIJISHU,SHANGYOUDAIYANJIUTUPODELINGYUZHUYAO

YOU:

5.1YANZHIXINGNENGYOULIANG、JIAGEDILIANDEYOUZHIMO

MUQIANZHISUOYIMOZHENGLIUYUQITAFENLIJISHUXIANGBIJINGZHENGLIBUQIANG,YIGEHENZHUYAODEYUANYINSHIZHIMOCHENGBENJIAOGAO.POQIEXUYAOYANZHICHUJUYOULIANGHAOFENLIXINGNENG、JIAGEDILIAN、KONGXILVGAO、NAIGAOWEN、TONGLIANGDA、YIYUGONGYEHUASHENGCHANJIYINGYONGDEMO。TONGSHIHAIYAOKAIFACHUANRE、CHUANZHIXINGNENGYOULIANGDEMOZUJIAN,YITIGAOMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGDEFENLIXINGNENGHEREXIAOLV。

5.2TIGAORENENGLIYONGLV

MOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGZHONGBUKEBIMIANDICUNZAIZHEGURECHUANDAOZAOCHENGDERELIANGSUNSHI,MUQIANMDDEREXIAOLVJIAODI(30%ZUOYOU),RUHEJIANSHAOZHEIBUFENRELIANGSUNSHI,KAIFARENENGTONGSHOUZHUANGZHI,SHIZHIDEYANJIUDEZHONGYAOKETI。

5.3WANSHANJILIMOXING

JINYIBUWANSHANJILIMOXING,JINLIANGJIANGZHONGDUOYINGXIANGMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGDEYINSUDOUKAOLVZAINEI,TONGSHIJIANSHAOMOXINGZHONGXUJINGSHIYANCEDINGDECANSHU。

5.4JIAQIANGZHENKONGMOZHENGLIUJISHUDEYANJIU

YOUYULINGWAI3ZHONGMOZHENGLIUGUOCHENGCUNZAIZHEREPINGHENGTAIKUAI、YIYINMODEPOLIEERWURANLIUCHUWU、XIAYOUCEBIANJIECENGZULIJIAODADENGQUEDIAN,ERZHENKONGMOZHENGLIUQUEBUCUNZAIZHEIXIEQUEDIAN,QIEJUYOUZHENGLIUTONGLIANGDADEYOUDIAN。

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